In one of the first of its kind, the World Bank sponsored study was undertaken by the World Sanitation Program. The sanitation crisis in the developing world is statistically tied to the economic losses incurred by one of the poorest strata of the world. According to this study (2006), the total annual economic impact of inadequate sanitation in India amounted to a loss of Rs. 2.4 trillion ($53.8 billion). That translates into a per capita annual loss of Rs. 2,180 ($48).